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Stone Meteorites For Sale

Old Camp Wash - classified by Aerolite Meteorites
Old Camp Wash – classified by Aerolite Meteorites

Stones constitute the largest group of meteorites. They originated in the outer crust of a planet or asteroid. Recently-fallen stone meteorites are covered by a thin, black rind known as fusion crust, which forms as the rock’s surface is burned during flight. Fusion crust is fragile and deteriorates easily, so stone meteorites that have been on the surface of our planet for a long time have a similar appearance to Earth rocks. Visible inside most stone meteorites are tiny, glassy, spheres known as chondrules. Forged at the very dawn of the solar system, these chondrules are far older than our own planet. Some stone meteorites, known as carbonaceous chondrites, have been found to contain water, salt, and even amino acids. In the distant past, these meteorites may have carried the very building blocks of life to Earth.

For those looking to buy stone meteorites, our catalog of available pieces is presented here in alphabetical order. Click on any image for additional photographs. All specimens are fully guaranteed and we pride ourselves on outstanding customer service. Please contact us directly with questions.

Aba Panu

Ordinary chondrite, L3 Witnessed fall in Oyo, Nigeria on April 19, 2018 Aba Panu is a witnessed fall that occurred at 14:02:27 on April 19, 2018. Numerous stones landed between the Nigerian villages of Ipapo and Tede. An astonishing entry velocity of almost 13 miles per second was recorded for the incoming mass. That is around 45,000 miles per hour! Aba Panu is an L3 chondrite, meaning it is a stone meteorite comparatively low in metal (nickel-iron) while its chondrules are as close to pristine as we can expect to see. L3 meteorites are particularly interesting to researchers and collectors alike, as they underwent a very low degree of alteration on the parent bodies. Their 4.67-billion-year-old chondrules give us perhaps our best look back at the earliest moments of our own solar system. Aba Panu is delightfully rich in them: white, grey, and cream- colored chondrules and chondrule fragments, varying greatly in size from about 0.1 to several mm across. Densely packed together, their abundance is marvelous, in fact, the meteorite seems to be made up almost entirely of these tiny, ancient intriguing spheres. Also visible are a few nickel-iron flecks and occasional armored chondrules. Combine that with the fact that in all of meteorite history there have only been seven L3 witnessed falls (none of the other six are readily available to collectors) and you have a highly desirable and rarely-offered space rock collectible.

Aguas Zarcas

Ordinary chondrite, L3 Witnessed fall in Oyo, Nigeria on April 19, 2018 Aba Panu is a witnessed fall that occurred at 21:07 local time on April 19, 2018. Numerous stones landed between the Nigerian villages of Ipapo and Tede. An astonishing entry velocity of almost 13 miles per second was recorded for the incoming mass. That is around 45,000 miles per hour! Aba Panu is an L3 chondrite, meaning it is a stone meteorite comparatively low in metal (nickel-iron) while its chondrules are as close to pristine as we can expect to see. L3 meteorites are particularly interesting to researchers and collectors alike, as they underwent a very low degree of alteration on the parent bodies. Their 4.67-billion-year-old chondrules give us perhaps our best look back at the earliest moments of our own solar system. Aba Panu is delightfully rich in them: white, grey, and cream- colored chondrules and chondrule fragments, varying greatly in size from about 0.1 to several mm across. Densely packed together, their abundance is marvelous, in fact, the meteorite seems to be made up almost entirely of these tiny, ancient intriguing spheres. Also visible are a few nickel-iron flecks and occasional armored chondrules. Combine that with the fact that in all of meteorite history there have only been seven L3 witnessed falls (none of the other six are readily available to collectors) and you have a highly desirable and rarely-offered space rock collectible.

Al Haggounia 001

Estatite chondrite, EL-melt rock Found in Western Sahara, 2006 Al Haggounia 001 was first discovered in Western Sahara in 2006 near Al Haggounia. Portions of the meteorite were excavated from beneath a sabkha lake and several pieces were found embedded in terrestrial rock. Scientists estimate the meteorite fell in the Late Quaternary period, which makes it a “fossil” or “paleo” meteorite. There’s been some debate over the classification of Al Haggounia 001; in 2016, the meteorite was reclassified by Dr. Alan Rubin of the University of California, Los Angeles as " "vesicular, incompletely melted, EL chondrite impact melt rock[s]". Al Haggounia is an now classified as an enstatite chondrite, EL-melt, a rare type of meteorite that, according to spectral analysis, could have come from asteroid 16 Psyche. They lack significant oxygen content, which suggests enstatites could have formed near the center of the solar nebula that created our solar system. Low in iron, these specimens are distinguished by their large chondrules and variety of weathering stages. Some Al Haggounia pieces are dark brown in color and sport beige veins of clay, while specimens that have experienced less weathering are bluish-grey in color.

Allende

Carbonaceous chondrite, CV3.2 Witnessed fall in Chihuahua, Mexico on February 8, 1969 Allende is a rare witnessed fall CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. Allende’s nighttime fireball spread over 50 square kilometers was witnessed by hundreds of people in rural Mexico on February 8, 1969 and numerous specimens were picked up by locals the next morning. Often described as “the most studied meteorite in history,” Allende is one of the most fascinating and desirable space rocks available to collectors. It’s availability for study and commerce is due in large part to Dr. Elbert King, a meteorite specialist who designed NASA’s Lunar Receiving Lab during the Apollo era. As soon as he heard the news, Dr. King traveled from Houston to Chihuahua, in the hope of recovering some samples. He had no idea that Allende would turn out to be a particularly rare type and of great interest to science. The enterprising Dr. King studied Allende for many years and traded specimens with researchers the world over which is, in part, why this meteorite has been so very widely studied. Dr. King’s thrilling Allende adventure is recorded in his enjoyable memoir, Moon Trip. Allende is rich in carbon and the calcium-rich inclusions (CAIs) in the Allende meteorite are about 4.6 billion years old. Allende also contains microscopic diamonds which are believed to be the last remnants of an exploding sun that predates our own solar system by billions of years! As such, at an estimated 12 billion years, they are by far the oldest things any human has ever touched.

Bencubbin

Carbonaceous chondrite, CBa Found in Australia, 1930 The strangest space rock! Bencubbin, found in Australia in 1930, gives its name to the ultra-rare bencubbin class. Appearing in every way like an iron (or at least a stony-iron) meteorite, it is, bizarrely, actually a stone carbonaceous chondrite. Showing unique features, this odd bird of the space lanes is as strange as they come, and almost, never available on the collectors’ market.

Camel Donga

Achondrite, Ca-rich. Eucrite-mmict Found January 1984 near Camel Donga, on the Nullarbor Plain, Western Australia, Australia. Eucrites are part of the HED (howardite, eucrite, diogenite) group of stones and all three are quite closely related. HED group achondrites are stone meteorites without chondrules, and some specialists believe they may have originate on the large asteroid Vesta. The total recovered weight of all Camel Donga stones is estimated at only 50 kg, and this unusual and intriguing meteorite is very rarely offered for sale. The Camel Donga strewnfield was discovered in 1984 in a very remote part of Western Australia on the Nullarbor Plain. It is a Ca-rich meteorite and exhibits a remarkably glossy fusion crust, which is typical of this type of meteorite.

Chelyabinsk

Ordinary chondrite, LL5 Witnessed fall in Chelyabinskaya oblast’, Russia on February 15, 2013 at 9:22 a.m. Every meteorite enthusiast will forever remember the astonishing news of the truly massive fireball and explosions over the Russian city of Chelyabinsk in February of 2013. It was easily the largest meteoritic event since the Sikhote-Alin fall of 1947. Many of these pieces show impact melt features and a dark grey to nearly black interior. This superbolide was traveling at an astonishing speed of 42,900 mph and generated light brighter than sun. The shock wave from the fireball caused damage to over 7,000 buildings spreading across six cities.

Chergach

Ordinary chondrite, H5 Witnessed fall on the 2nd or 3rd of July 2007, in the daytime, Southwest of El Mokhtar, Erg Chech, Timbuktu district, Mali A new meteorite fall was reported in the Republic of Mali in Western Africa in July 2007, making this stone a more recent meteorite arrival on earth. It is a very fresh fall with extremely rich, black fusion crust. The first specimens were tentatively named Mali, but the name was later officially changed to Chergach, after the nearby town of Erg Chech. Meteoritical Bulletin states: “Nomads reported the stones fell after a smoke cloud was seen and several detonations were heard over a wide area during daytime in July 2007. The finder of the first meteorites was Mr Ouled Bleila, who died in a car accident on his way back from the trip to the Chergach strewn field in October 2007. According to the Tuareg people from Algeria who visited the fall site in September 2007, the elliptical strewn field stretches for more than 20 km in a northeasterly direction. No fireball was reported.”

Dalgety Downs

Ordinary chondrite, L4 Found in Western Australia, 1941 South of Dalgety Downs, Australia in 1941, 217 kilograms of broken fragments — which came from a single large mass — were found. Several additional masses were recovered in subsequent decades. Totaling an impressive total find weight of nearly 500 kilograms, making Dalgety Downs the largest L4 meteorite on record to date. The exteriors of this marvelous meteorite have been weathered as it sat on the surface of our planet in a hot desert climate for potentially thousands of years, being affected by the elements. The interiors display chondrules and are a gorgeous pale blue color — beautiful in contrast to the metal flakes.

Dar al Gani (DaG) 521

Ordinary Chondrite, CV3 Found in Libya, 1997 Dar al Gani (DaG) 521 is a carbonaceous chondrite that belongs to the CV3 group, the same classification as the celebrated Allende meteorite that fell in Mexico in 1969. The “V” is for Vigarano, a meteorite that fell in Italy in 1910 and is the first known example of this group. CV3s show large chondrules, but little alteration, meaning they have survived, largely unchanged, since the birth of our solar system. The DaG 521 find consisted of a single stone weighting 1,567 grams and recovered in 1997 on a limestone plateau in Libya, known as Dar al Gani. It was examined and classified by the Museo Nazionale dell’Antartide, Università di Siena in Siena, Italy. It was acquired and prepared by meteorite expert Allan Lang of R.A. Langheinrich Meteorites, shortly after its 1990s recovery and has remained in his collection until now. This rare CV3 is seldom available to collectors and we have not seen a specimen offered for sale for many years.

Dar El Kahal

Dimmitt

Ordinary chondrite, H3.7 Found in Texas, United States, 1942 This ruddy chondrite fell in prehistoric times near what is now Dimmitt, Texas. Dimmitt is classified as a rare H3.7, joined in this classification by many Antarctic meteorites that are virtually unattainable. The strewn field has yielded an impressive amount of Dimmitt meteorites, and it’s now one of the largest meteorites known from North America. Dimmit H-chondrites are regolith breccia, meaning they’re composed of angular rock fragments that have been cemented together. “Regolith” refers to the upper surface of the parent body. As such, Dimmitt meteorites have been and have been known to contain clasts of other types of rock, such as LL5 and carbonaceous clasts. Regolith breccias also contain solar-wind gases and solar-flare tracks.

El Boludo

Ordinary chondrite, H5 Found in Tamaulipas, Mexico, 2013 Numerous fragments and several whole stones, totaling 19.62 kg, were found by an American prospector and his hunting partners in 2013 in Sonora, Mexico, while metal detecting for gold nuggets. The first piece (and the largest), a complete individual weighing 2,396 grams was found on the surface in a sandy area on the eastern side of a large dry wash, a few kilometers northwest of the town of El Boludo. A search with metal detectors of the surrounding area produced numerous additional fragments and a few smaller whole stones. We met with the prospector, purchased all known pieces, and proceeded with the classification process. El Boludo is an Aerolite exclusive.

El Tiro

Ordinary Chondrite, L3 Found in Mexico, 2013 El Tiro (meaning “the shot”) was discovered in January of 2013 by a gold prospector colleague of ours, close to the small settlement of El Tiro in Sonora, Mexico. Only a single stone was recovered with a total known weight of just 2.4 kilograms. The stone displayed gentle regmaglypts, weathering cracks, and a fair amount of fusion crust. El Tiro’s grey, blue and brown matrix exhibits abundant, multi-colored breccia clasts, metallic flakes, and dark chondrules. We acquired the entire mass from the finder and proceeded with classification. El Tiro is an Aerolite exclusive.

Gold Basin

Ordinary chondrite, L4 Found in United States, 1995 An Arizona gold prospector, Jim Kriegh, discovered ancient stone meteorites in an area of arroyos in Mohave County, Arizona. His friend and fellow metal detectorist, Twink Monrad, joined him in the hunt and they spent years carefully documenting their finds. Gold Basin has been described as “one of best mapped strewnfields in history.” We filmed a first season episode of Meteorite Men at this famous site in 2009.

Grapevine Mesa

Carbonaceous chondrite, CBa Found Mohave County, Arizona, United States on February 6, 2021 Grapevine Mesa is home to the Grapevine Mesa Joshua Tree forest in Mohave County, Arizona. The natural landmark consists of 3,206 acres and countless mysterious Joshua trees, also called “desert daggers.” The name “Joshua tree” apparently comes from Mormon settlers who crossed the Mojave in the mid-19th century—the trees, used as guides to traverse the desert, reminded settlers the biblical story of Joshua and the Israelites’ conquest of Canaan. The Grapevine Mesa meteorite is classified as a carbonaceous chondrite of the CB group, described as Bencubbin-like chondrites distinguished by objects that appear similar to chondrules and abundant metal. The space rocks were discovered on February 6, 2021 by metal detectorists who had originally set out looking for gold. The stones are fusion-crusted and appear oxidized, owing to their iron-rich composition. Cba meteorites are incredibly rare, and its serendipitous arrival on the meteorite market was met with great intrigue and excitement.

Hamilton

Ordinary chondrite, L6 Found in Australia, 1966 Hamilton is a stone, veined olivine – hypersthene chondrite meteorite found near Hamilton Station in Queensland, Australia. We are pleased to present Hamilton, as we have not seen them in quite some time. These coffee colored chondrite part slices came out of an old collection and were purchased by Geoffrey in the back of an old train car where they have been stored. They are sliced thick and stand up naturally on their own. Marvelous!

Hammadah al Hamra 346

Ordinary chondrite, L6 Gharyan, Libya, Find, possible fall: 2018 Hammadah al Hamra 346 “Ghadamis” is recorded as a possible witnessed fall in Libya on August 26, 2018. Note the rich black fusion crust and large well-formed regmaglypts on these excellent whole stones. The freshness of the crust indicates they were picked shortly after the fall and has experienced little, if any, weathering. Chips in the crust, likely acquired during flight or upon impact, show a light interior with a few relict chondrules. Given the absence of weathering of the stones, it is speculated Ghadamis originated from the 2018 meteor seen over this region. In 2019, Mr. Marcin Cimala purchased 30 kilograms of stones from a Mauritanian meteorite dealer. Stones of this possible fall are currently being traded under the name of Hammadah al Hamra 346 and Ghadamis.

Jiddat al Harasis 264

Ordinary chondrite, H4-5 Found in Al Wusta, Oman, 2005 Jiddat al Harasis 264 is named after the desert where it was found in Oman. The desert is the largest strewnfield of meteorites in the country and home to many endangered species, including the Arabian oryx and the Arabian gazelle. Classified as a stone H4-5, JaH 264 comes from the high-iron chemical group of ordinary chondrites and contains abundant chondrules. Science indicates that the H chondrite parent body could be asteroid 6 Hebe, the fifth-brightest object in the asteroid belt. Discovered by Karl Ludwig Hencke, Hebe was named after the Greek goddess of youth.

Northwest Africa 10514 | Eucrite

HED achondrite, Eucrite, monomict Found in Northwest Africa, 2015 Eucrites are rare achondrite (without chondrules) meteorites that belong to the HED class. HED meteorites are thought to have originated within the large asteroid Vesta, making them part of only a tiny handful of meteorites with a specific known origin point — lunar and Martian meteorites being the others. Eucrites are particularly difficult to find in the field as — unlike the vast majority of other meteorites — they contain little or no iron, so will not attract strongly to a magnet. The eucrite NWA 10514 is a marvelous stone with a ton of character. There are only 12 kilograms of this meteorite available in the world.

Northwest Africa 10688 | L4

Ordinary chondrite, L4 Found in Morocco, 2016 Northwest Africa 10688 was purchased in Temara, Morocco in 2016; its exact find location is unknown. It was classified as an L4 ordinary chondrite, meaning that it displays a large percentage of chondrules and contains low iron. Though the parent bodies of ordinary chondrites remain a mystery, studying the composition of meteorites helps researchers piece together what they might have looked like. Some research indicates that L chondrite meteorite may have had their origin in the Ordovician meteor event, which occurred about 467.5 million years ago. Scientists theorize that during this event, fragments from the L chondrite parent body, believed to have been destroyed about 468 million years ago, that had made it into Earth-crossing orbits rained down on Earth. Some sources theorize that this event may have contributed to, or even instigated, the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event, one of the greatest evolutionary events in the history of life on Earth; it spanned the entire globe and saw vast increases in the variety of types of creatures that inhabited this planet.

Northwest Africa 11304 | R4

Rumuruti chondrite, R4 Found in Northwest Africa, Classified April 2018 Petrography: (A. Irving and S. Kuehner, UWS) The specimen is a breccia mostly composed of well-formed, relatively small chondrules (apparent diameter 250±150 µm, N = 12) in a finer grained matrix (~30 vol.%), but some petrologically-similar, angular lithic clasts (including type 3 and type 4 clasts) are also present. Both olivine and orthopyroxene have very magnesian cores, but the predominant mafic minerals are much more ferroan. Other minerals are clinopyroxene, sodic plagioclase, pentlandite, pyrrhotite and magnetite. – As listed by the Meteoritical Bulletin Also: fascinating to learn this R4 may contain R3 material!

Northwest Africa 11700 | H4

Ordinary chondrite, H4 Found in Temara, Morocco, 2017 NWA 11700 was purchased in the coastal city of Temara, Morocco and exhibits tightly packed, small chondrules set in a recrystallized matrix. An H4, 11700 is an ordinary chondrite; H type chondrites likely originate from asteroid 6 Hebe, or from small near-Earth asteroids that had, in the past, broken off from 6 Hebe. Other, less likely parent body candidates include 3 Juno and 7 Iris.

Northwest Africa 12265 | Eucrite Melt-Breccia

Eucrite, melt breccia Found in Northwest Africa, Classified December 2018 A rare eucrite-melt breccia from Northwest Africa, NWA 12265 was found in 2015. Howardites, eucrites, and diogenites are meteorites that have all originated from Vesta. These are fascinating to collectors and scientists because we rarely are able to identify where meteorites come from. To have a known, physical sample from Vesta to study is extremely valuable to planetary scientists. Furthermore, for collectors, having the opportunity to own a piece of a scientifically significant meteorite is exciting. Eucrites are basalt, or cooled lava that once flowed on Vesta. They take their name from the Greek word “eukritos,” meaning “easily distinguished.” This refers to their being light in weight and interior. Eucrites are difficult to spot and thus are incredibly rare. Scientists studying melt breccias think these rocks could be tied to large impact craters on Vesta.

Northwest Africa 12322 | CV3

Carbonaceous chondrite, CV3 Found in Niger, 2018 These impressive carbonaceous chondrite meteorite slices are packed with abundant multi-colored chondrules. Containing organic compounds and divided into five subclasses, there is little in the world of meteorites that fascinates like carbonaceous chondrites. Rare and very ancient, some have been shown to contain water, carbon, and even amino acids, suggesting they may have brought the building blocks of life to Earth. As in this specimen, the CV3 sub-group often displays beautiful chondrules (small, glassy spheres) that formed 4.6 billion years ago, at the very dawn of the solar system.

Northwest Africa 12925 | CK5

Carbonaceous chondrite, CK5 Morocco, 2018 Found in 2018, NWA 12925 was purchased in Morocco before being submitted for classification. The stone displays a delicate, fusion-crusted exterior and a grey interior sporting some scattered visible CAIs and large chondrules. Though the parent body of these space rocks has yet to be identified, scientists think the anomalies found in the meteorite’s rare earth element abundances are property these rare rocks inherited from the refractory precursors the early solar nebula produced. NWA 12925 is a carbonaceous chondrite, meaning that they contain organic compounds, even water, and amino acids. It’s important to note that while they contain compounds essential to life, the presence of these compounds in these meteorites does not imply that life was present in them or on the parent body from which the meteorite originated. The CK group, which takes its name from the Karoonda meteorite that fell in Australia, is described as being “distinguished by abundant fine-grained matrix (~75 vol%), mm-sized chondrules that lack igneous rims, relatively few refractory inclusions, and a high degree of oxidation,” by the Meteoritical Society.

Northwest Africa 12929 | Eucrite

HED achondrite, Eucrite, Monomict Found in Morocco, this eucrite is thought to have originated from asteroid Vesta! A breccia is a rock made up of fragments of other rocks that have been compressed or cemented together. Meteorite breccias show us that some meteorite parent bodies are, or were, active and have experienced some geologic processes similar to those found on Earth. The H.E.D (Howardite, Eucrite and Diogenite) classes of meteorites are thought to have Asteroid Vesta as their parent body, meaning they were once part of that asteroid. The exteriors of these marvelous rocks are awesomely mottled and vesiculated/melt pocketed in appearance. While the interiors are a cluster of interesting mix of melt breccia set on a black groundmass. Captivating!

Northwest Africa 13917 | Winonaite

Winonaite, a primitive achondrite Purchased in 2020 in Morocco NWA 13917 proved to be a remarkable find. The stone was classified as a Winonaite, a primitive achondrite. Primitive achondrites are “non-chondrites,” in that they are pieces of differentiated planetary bodies, like the Moon or Mars, which are defined as having distinct layers, like a core, mantle, and crust. Planetary differentiation occurs on planets, dwarf planets, asteroids, and moons. They are deemed primitive because scientists have observed that some have relic chondrules and compositions that closely resemble those of chondrites, meaning that the stones have retained much of their original chondritic features. The interior of NWA 13917 reveals fine-grained metal veins, resembling lightning bolts, set in a mosaic of minerals. Forsterite, also known as “white olivine,” was also detected in NWA 13917; in 2005, data returned by NASA’s Stardust probe indicated that forsterite is present in cometary dust. In 2011, NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope observed tiny crystals of forsterite in clouds of gas surrounding a forming star. NWA 13917 exhibits a low shock stage, meaning that the matrix has not been extensively fractured.

Northwest Africa 4799 | Aubrite

Achondrite, Aubrite Found in Northwest Africa, 2007 This aubrite is one of fifty from the Achondrite, aubrite class. It is heavily brecciated, telling the tale of a violent history for it’s parent body. Most aubrites are are witnessed falls or finds from the blue-ice fields of Antarctica. Their fragile composition and light colored fusion crust makes these meteorites extremely difficult to find. Only 16 aubrites have been recovered from the hot deserts of Africa. Apparent on NWA 4799 is evidence of terrestrial desert weathering. Simply incredible!

Northwest Africa 5950 | CV3

Carbonaceous chondrite, CV3 Found in Northwest Africa, 2009 (name provisional) Carbonaceous chondrites are a rare and scientifically important group of stone meteorites. As Buseck and Hua stated so intriguingly in their 1993 paper: “They are nebular leftovers and thus invaluable recorders of some of the oldest and best kept secrets … of the solar system.” In other words, carbonaceous chondrite meteorites carry within them the last traces — sometimes in the form of tiny diamonds — of extremely ancient and long-vanished suns or planets that pre-dated our own solar system by billions of years. As such, carbonaceous chondrite meteorites contain the oldest materials that any human has ever encountered.

Northwest Africa 6704

Achondrite, ungrouped Found in Algeria, 2011 Green in color, with mysterious “bubble trains” suspended in orthopyroxene, NWA 6704 is so unusual it doesn’t fit into a typical classification group. It is classified as an ungrouped Achondrite with metal flakes! All pieces come from a single, broken stone recovered in the Sahara in 2011 and show the rare minerals awaruite and albite.

Northwest Africa 7040 | H3.4

Ordinary Chondrite, H3.4 Found in Northwest Africa, 2011 This highly unusual meteorite was found in 2011. It shows an uncommon cocoa-colored background, sprinkled with beautifully-preserved, dusty-grey chondrules of varying sizes.

Northwest Africa 7454 | CV3

Carbonaceous chondrite, CV3 Found in Northwest Africa, 2012 A kaleidoscope of chondrules! The colorful, rounded grains clearly visible in NWA 7454 are chondrules that formed in the solar nebula 4.6 billion years ago, as our solar system was being built. These tiny glass spheres hold within them a key to understanding how the rocky bodies of the solar system — including our very own home planet Earth — were born.

Northwest Africa 7457 | L5

Ordinary chondrite, L5 melt breccia Found in Northwest Africa, 2012 Northwest Africa 7457 is one of nine specimens classified as L5 melt breccia, a material formed when extreme pressure and heat generated by an significant impact partially melts the parent rock. These meteorites show a deformed and melted matrix as a result of the collision. The total known weight of this rare meteorite is only 15.5 kilograms.

Northwest Africa 7831 | Diogenite

HED Achondrite, Diogenite Found in Western Sahara, 2013 Vesta is the largest and brightest asteroid in the asteroid belt and the second largest body overall (after the dwarf planet Ceres), with an average diameter of about 525 km (326 miles). That is pretty close to the size of the State of Colorado. Vesta was discovered by the German astronomer Heinrich Wilhelm Olbers in 1807. A couple of billion years ago two massive impacts ejected part of Vesta’s mass and some of that material landed here on Earth as HED (howardite, eucrite, and diogenite) meteorites. It’s astonishing to consider that when you look at photographs of Vesta, or even through a powerful telescope, the actual craters from which the HED meteorites were blasted out can easily be seen, such as Rheasilvia which is over 300 miles wide. So, you could hold one of these HED meteorites in your hand, look at a photo of Vesta, and say to yourself: This came from right there! The other Vesta meteorite types — howardites and eucrites — journeyed to Earth from that giant asteroid’s surface, but diogenites are different. They originated deep underground and were delivered here on because of the catastrophic meteorite impacts that occurred on Vesta in the distant past. Diogenites are cooled crystalline magma (or lava), excavated from deep inside Vesta by a meteorite impact so tremendous, it blasted right through the crust to the interior of our largest asteroid. The excavated material was expelled into space and some of it eventually landed on Earth as diogenite meteorites.

Northwest Africa 8576

Ordinary chondrite, LL3.00 Found in Morocco in 2014 NWA 8576 was found in 2014, purchased from a meteorite hunter in Morocco. Classified as an LL3.00, NWA 8576 is a rather rare ordinary chondrite. LL-type chondrites contain the largest chondrules of the ordinary chondrites group. The parent body of these space rocks is not known, but believed to possibly be 433 Eros and 8 Flora, or the Flora asteroid family as a whole. Some research indicates that L chondrite meteorite may have had their origin in the Ordovician meteor event, which occurred about 467.5 million years ago. Scientists theorize that during this event, fragments from the L chondrite parent body, believed to have been destroyed about 468 million years ago, that had made it into Earth-crossing orbits rained down on Earth. Some sources theorize that this event may have contributed to, or even instigated, the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event, one of the greatest evolutionary events in the history of life on Earth; it spanned the entire globe and saw vast increases in the variety of types of creatures that inhabited this planet.

Northwest Africa 869 | L3-6

Ordinary chondrite, L3–6 Found in Northwest Africa, 2000 The enigmatic Northwest Africa (NWA) 869 meteorite, found in the year 2000 is, geologically one of the more interesting stone meteorites available to collectors and has been described as a “meteorite science classroom in a single rock.” NWA 869 comes with a highly unusual classification, L 3–6, meaning it exhibits characteristics of different meteorite types (L3 through L6) within a single mass. It is almost as if dissimilar materials were crushed together into a new form. And, in fact, that may be exactly what happened. NWA 869 is a regolith breccia. A regolith is a loose deposit that lies on top of solid rock. Regoliths are seen here on Earth, on the moon, and also on some asteroids. A terrestrial Earth regolith might form as a result of several different actions working together: the weathering of rock by freeze/thaw process, or wind abrasion, for example, and often in combination with plant roots expanding cracks in the rock. There is no wind on the moon, and — we assume — no plants on the asteroids, so extraterrestrial regoliths must be generated by very different processes: likely the repeated impact of meteorites upon the surface of an asteroid, or the collision of asteroids. This regolith breccia is, therefore, believed to be a mix of materials from many sources (meteorites / asteroids) that formed in space and later landed here on Earth, bringing its apocalyptic history with it. In other words, meteorites landing on the surface of NWA 869s parent body (its original “home” asteroid) created a new mixture of materials. So, the meteorite NWA 869 may actually be a collection of many different meteorites in one!

Northwest Africa XXX | Unclassified Stones

Stone meteorites (H and L chondrites) Found in Northwest Africa Official numbers and names are assigned only to meteorites that have gone through the complex and time-consuming process of classification by an accredited laboratory. There are only a small number of labs in the world authorized to do this type of specialized work. As resources are limited, finders / owners sometimes elect not to go through the classification process and, instead, assign an unofficial designation, like “NWA XXX” to a particular meteorite. Such is the case with these attractive stones.

Norton County

Achondrite, Aubrite Witnessed Fall in Norton County, Kansas United States, 1948 Norton County, a rare aubrite meteorite with a white interior, crashed to Earth in Kansas in 1948. The 2,300-lb main mass is now the centerpiece of the Institute of Meteoritics museum at UNM Albuquerque. These unusual historic specimens come directly from IOM/UNM and display original collection numbers from the institute. They are still listed in the UNM catalog. You can verify this by visiting the UNM collection page and searching for “Achondrite”, “Achondrite Groupings”, “All Achondrite Groups”, and “All Brecciation Types” for Norton County. THE INSTITUTE OF METEORITICS COLLECTION FROM UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO

Nuevo Mercurio

Olivine-bronzite, H5 Witnessed fall in Zacatecas, Mexico, on December 15, 1978 The sound of the tempest, bone-shattering roars of a bolide thundered over the cold skies above north-central Mexico at 1850 hrs. on December 15, 1978. The brilliant spectacle could be seen as far as 200 kilometers away as it rained several meteorites in a large 10-kilometer ellipsis a little ways north of the (no-longer-sleeping) village of Nuevo Mercurio. Today, the Nuevo Mercurio strewnfield has produced over 300 individual stones totaling up to about 50 kilograms. This olivine-bronzite chondrite boasts a lasting bold fusion crust and carries with it a reminder of the New Year's gift of a jolting clap from the cosmos.

NWA 11917

Oum Dreyga

Ordinary Chondrite, H3-5 Witnessed fall in Gour Lafkah, Western Sahara, 2003 On 16 October 2003, Moroccan soldiers stationed in Western Sahara saw a meteorite falling on Gour Lafkah Mountains, south of Zbayra, about 21 km from Oum Dreyga. The meteorite fell near a 670 km long wall built in 1985, protected by anti personnel mines, and guarded by soldiers. About 17 kg were recovered. Stones from this fall were later brought to Moroccan dealers. Most of them have been collected after a rainfall and are thus slightly oxidized. However, some fragments have been picked up soon after the fall; these are very fresh. Fragments have been sold under the names Amgala and Gor Lefcah. Classification and mineralogy (M. Bourot-Denise, MNHNP): very fresh, with a black fusion crust; H3-5 breccia (Fa16.7± 6.0; 19.5 ± 0.8; Fs14.4 ± 4.4; 17.4 ± 1.3), S4, W0. (From Meteoritical Bulletin)

Richfield

Ordinary Chondrite, LL3.7 Found in Morton County, Kansas, USA, 1983 Richfield is a Type 3 chondrite and a single mass weighing 40.8 kg was found by a farmer in Kansas in 1983. It shows white and yellow chondrules suspended in an attractive deep green matrix. Type 3 chondrites, such as this, have remained virtually unchanged since they formed through chondrule accretion at the dawn of the solar system.

Tamdakht

Ordinary chondrite, H5 Witnessed fall in Tamdakht, (Ouarzazate) Morocco, December 2008 Tamdakht is a rare witnessed fall from Morocco. Observers in Agadir, Marrakesh and elsewhere reported a fireball at 22:37 hrs (local time; UT+00) and shock waves were recorded in the Atlas Mountains. These handsome stones are coated in rich black fusion crust and some show regmaglypts. A must for collectors of witnessed falls.

Tarda

Carbonaceous chondrite, C2, ungrouped Witnessed fall in Morocco, 2020 An extremely rare witnessed fall, Tarda met Planet Earth at 2:30 pm Moroccan time (GMT+1) Tuesday August 25, 2020 in southern Morocco. The fireball was seen by many observers and created an African sensation, with thousand of people traveling to the fall site. Some pieces were found the very next day, explaining the pristine fusion crust. There are only thirty C2s known in all meteorite history and of those, only four are witnessed falls. Tarda is ungrouped, meaning it is different from other known C2 meteorites. It “likely formed on a hydrated parent body beyond the orbit of Jupiter’ (A. King, et al). In Earth’s ancient history, did meteorites like Tarda bring the water needed for life as we know it to our young and developing world?

Tassédet 004

Ordinary chondrite, H5, melt breccia Found in Niger, 2016 Tassédet 004 also known as Tchifaddine is the seventh classified H-impact melt breccia! It is a fascinating, newly-discovered impact melt that was found near Agadez in the African nation of Niger. Whole specimens often show an unusual near-spherical shape and a rich, dark remnant fusion crust. Prepared specimens display extraordinary amounts of nickel-iron flecks, and larger slices sometimes contain metal and/or shock viens, and blebs. A unique and visually intriguing newer find that is sure to delight collectors.

Thuathe

Ordinary chondrite, H4/5 Witnessed fall in Lesotho, July 2002 Thuathe (pronounced “too – ahh – tey”) is a desirable witnessed fall that fell in Lestho on July 21, 2002. Lesotho is a country surrounded by South Africa and known as the “Kingdom in the Sky” due to its high altitude. It was the inspiration behind Wakanda, the fictional country in the 2018 film “Black Panther.” Eyewitnesses reported seeing dust trails of “sparking objects” over Lesotho at approximately 15:45 local time. One or more stones were reported to have landed on, or near, villagers’ huts in the area, and pieces were picked up almost immediately after the fall, from an elliptical strewn field. A student from the local community brought a piece of the meteorite to the geology department at the University of the Free State in South Africa. Thuathe is the first reported meteorite from Lesotho and therefore presents a unique, ongoing research opportunity. An H4/H5, Thuathe is an ordinary chondrite; H type chondrites likely originate from asteroid 6 Hebe, or from small near-Earth asteroids that had, in the past, broken off from 6 Hebe. Other, less likely parent body candidates include 3 Juno and 7 Iris. Thuathe stones exhibit black fusion crust, relatively small chondrules, and high iron abundance. The total known weight of Thuathe meteorites is relatively low at approximately 30kg,

Tiglit

Enstatite achondrite, Aubrite Witnessed Fall, South, Morocco December 9, 2021 In early December, around 8:30pm local time, several residents in southern Morocco reported seeing a fireball, moving in a northwest to southeast direction, somewhere east of Guelmim and northeast of Laayoune. Adam Aaronson and M. Fouadassi, M. Aoudjehane, L. Zennouri, H. Chennaoui (members of the FSAC and ATTARIK foundations) headed into the field a few days later to recover the meteorite (28.4035278°N, 10.3734444°W) and to interview eyewitnesses. A Mr. Hmadi Elkebchi, for example, reported hearing a large explosion followed by three sonic booms. Other eyewitnesses reported seeing a blue fireball followed by a green light and also that the valley smelled of sulfur following the impact. Six large pieces and many smaller fragments were recovered. In March of 2022, Tiglit was classified as an aubrite, a group of meteorites named after the stone that fell near France in 1836. Aubrites originated from an asteroid and are achondrites, meaning they do not contain chondrules and are thought to have come from a different parent body than the chondrites. Aubrites are relatively scarce; there are less than 70 officially classified. Research shows that aubrites may have some of the highest cosmic-ray exposure ages of any stony meteorites, up to 120 million years and a small near-Earth asteroid, 3103 Eger, is suspected of being the parent body of the aubrites. These types of meteorites have a distinctive pale fusion crust and light interiors, and are known contain large, white enstatite crystals.

Tsarev

Olivine-hypersthene chondrite, L5 Witnessed Fall Near Tsarev village, Volgograd district, USSR. 48°42’N., 45°42’E. December 6, 1922, 0700 hrs, found 1968, recognized 1979. 1968 was a year marked by a worldwide escalation of conflict; however, in a small village in Volgograd Oblast–the primary site of the Battle of Stalingrad during World War II, one of the largest and bloodiest battles in history–a remarkable discovery was made in the quiet fields near the rural village of Tsarev. “Tsarev,” which translates to czar, is a stone meteorite that resulted in one of the largest meteorite showers in Russian history. The meteorite shower happened on December 6, 1922, though the stones were not found until 1968. The mineral composition of Tsarev is consistent with that of ordinary chondrites: olivine, orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene, maskelynite, calcium phosphates, nickel-iron, troilite, chromite, ilmenite, and rutile. Academic samples of the Tsarev meteorite reveal large grains of nickel-iron, light grey areas with a well-preserved chondritic texture, and dark areas containing a matrix with olivine grains and a relics of chondrules. Though its parent body remains unknown, experts suspect the meteorite may have originated on or near the surface of the body.

Viñales

Ordinary chondrite, L6 Witnessed fall in Cuba, February 2019 Viñales is a witnessed meteorite fall, one of the rarest natural phenomena that human beings experience. A bolide – a large meteor or a fireball – was seen falling across the sky over the province of Pinar Del Rió in Cuba on February 1, 2019 at approximately 1:17 pm local time. The meteorite’s fiery entry into Earth’s atmosphere came with several sonic booms and caused the ground to rumble, which led local residents to believe a plane had crashed. The resulting meteor shower fell on Viñales Valley, a forested area and a UNESCO world heritage site. Traditional methods of agriculture have survived there for hundreds of years, along with rich cultural elements like architecture, crafts, and music. Here, local residents and meteorite hunters recovered meteorite individuals that had penetrated the ground, broken through asphalt roads, or landed on rooftops. Viñales individuals are notable for their deep black fusion crust; the stones’ light grey interior can be seen where the crust has broken in the meteorites’ traverse through the atmosphere to Earth. Some individuals display reddish smears of laterite clay, which is rich in iron and aluminum. When sliced, Viñales exhibits striking, dark shock veins and visible chondrules, melt rock inclusions, and grains of troilite, kamacite, and other minerals. Several specimens were collected for scientific research, leaving plenty of stone individuals available for collectors and enthusiasts who hope to share in the discoveries that are sure to be made about this exquisite space rock.

Zag

Ordinary chondrite, H3-6 Witnessed fall in Western Sahara, August 1998 The Zag meteorite has a remarkable history. The fireball which produced it was witnessed by nomads in the Western Sahara. There was some debate as to the actual date, which is why the fall is described as ”August 4 or 5.” The nomads found the fall site, and packed the stone meteorites out of the desert on the backs of their camels. Nomads broke one of the large pieces up to see what was inside, hence the fragments. Zag is interesting for other reasons that its colorful recovery story. It is believed to have originated on the asteroid 6 Hebe, is one of the very few meteorites to exhibit slickenside and recent research has also shown that it contains water! Only a tiny handful of meteorite specimens boast such a colorful and fascinating history. The Zag meteorite gives us a distance glimpse of the forces and processes at work in our solar system. (Please note that Zag includes comparatively small amounts of water that were measured by sophisticated lab equipment. Water is not visible to the naked eye.) A witnessed fall is a meteorite whose arrival on our planet was seen and documented by credible observers. Witnessed falls are very rare, and are highly prized by collectors. Slickenside is a geological term used to describe a polished face on a rock, created when two adjacent masses move against each other for a prolonged period of time. While fairly commonplace on earth, slickenside is extremely rare in meteorites, and shows us that some of the processes at work on astral bodies such as large asteroids, are very similar to those which occur on our home planet Earth. Zag and Carancas are two of the very few meteorites which show slickenside, and the dark surfaces are sometimes mistaken for fusion crust.

Zhob

Ordinary Chondrite, H3-4 Witnessed fall in Baluchistan, Pakistan, January 2020, 31°22’N, 69°34’E A rare witnessed fall out of Baluchistan, Pakistan, a province known for its unique culture and extremely dry desert climate. It’s also home to the Princess of Hope, a natural rock formation resembling a woman looking out beyond the horizon, named by actress Angelina Jolie when she visited the area in 2002. On the evening of February 23, 2020, a fireball was seen streaking over the northern part of the province, followed by several sonic booms. The falling stones showered a local village in the Zhob district, with one stone striking and falling through a house located in the area. Goat herders would find the largest stone collected; most Zhob stones, of which there have been four to date, display shallow regmaglypts and a rich, matte black fusion crust. The interior of Zhob reveals a light-grey matrix sporting a breccia of light-colored clasts.